Featured, Siththan Arul

The GoS – How to lit a Moksha Deepam

[stextbox id=”info” image=”null”]The Grace of Siddha series can be read here.[/stextbox]

The answers of Agastya Muni to the generic questions posted by devotees can be found here.

The readers are requested to send their spiritual experiences related to the Siddhas to GnanaBoomi at Gmail dot com. Though the experiences are unique and personal to them, it can shower some light or guidance to those who read them. Thanks!


Moksha Deepam or Moksha Deepa is lit for a departed soul, requesting the Almighty to help the soul rest in peace. Those in the field of medicine are strongly recommended to lit this Deepa, as suggested by Agastya Muni in Nadi. When the Nadi at Thanjavur Shri Ganesan’s ashram was read, the details of how to lit Moksha Deepam was kindly explained by Maha Guru Agastya. It is given below:


1. Banana Leaf

2. Camphor (not the chemical one, but the Pachchai Karpooram. One is got from a tree called camphor laurel and other is synthetically made. We call the edible camphor got from the tree “Pachai karpooram” in Tamil, and “Kapoor” in Hindi. The synthetically derived camphor is called “Karpooram” in Tamil.)

3. Cumin (Jeeragam)

4. Cotton Seeds (Paruthi Kottai)

5. Rock salt

6. Pepper (the round full one, not the grinded)

7. Nava Dhanya

8. Wheat

9. Grain (husk or rice grain)

10. Full Red Gram

11. Mung Bean (Pachchai Payaru)

12. Chickpea (Konda Kadalai)

13. Turmeric (not the hybrid variety)

14. Lima Beans (Mochai)

15. Black Til (Sesame Seeds)

16. Horse Gram (Kollu, full one)

17. Black Gram (unsplit, unbroken one)

18. Diya or lamp (200 ml capacity) – 42 numbers

19. Pure cotton cloth, a hand kerchief size – 21

The preparation:

Wash every item (including the salt, except the flowers) and make them dry in sunlight.
Wash the cloth properly, soak it in the turmeric and dry.
Wash the lamps properly and dry them in bright sunlight.
Once dried, apply Chandan and Kumkum on them.
Get prior permission from the temple where you are planning to lit the Moksha Deepam. This is very important. It can be any temple.
It is better to lit the Deepam on the Esanya corner (north-east) and in an elevated place.

First, prepare the wick (Thiri in Tamil). From a really clean cotton cloth, put camphor, black sesame seeds, cumin, cotton seeds, rock salt, pepper and put a knot. The other end of the knot is what is going to be used as the wick.

At the place chosen in the temple, spread the banana leaf first.
Spread the Nava Dhanya on it.
Place 21 lamps in equal distance and fill in sesame seeds in them.
Then place the remaining 21 lamps on top of these lamps.

Fill in the lamp with ghee to its brim.

Then dip the wick prepared earlier and place it in the center of the lamp. Lit the lamp.

The lamp should be lit with the wick facing upwards (it should not face any other direction). It appears like a Linga.
Then chant the Panchakshara Maha Mantra (Om Namah Shivaya) for at least 108 times.
If its a Vishnu Temple, chant the Ashtakshara Maha Mantra (Om Namo Narayanaya) for at least 108 times.

At last, pray to the Almighty thus: “O Lord, I am offering the merits of this ritual to all those souls who took birth in this earth and have departed. We pray to you to let those souls attain salvation and realization through this ritual. We are just the means to do this ritual where it is actually being done by the Siddhas and the Almighty.”

One may pray to their ancestors and seek their blessings too.

The next day, collect every item including the banana leaf, Nava Dhanya, not spilling even a drop and release them in the river. This is a must.

During one of the clairvoyance, Agastya Muni mentioned that every thing, even the sesame seeds are a soul. Hence release every item used in the Moksha Deepa in the river. This is a must.

Obtaining prior permission from the temple is very important too.

மோக்ஷ தீபம்
மோக்ஷ தீபம்


The suitable time for lighting up Moksha Deepa is evening 6 PM.

(Courtesy: Shri Ganesan, Agastyar Arut Kutil, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu)

Use these links for reference if you may please:

Google Images – search with their Tamil names
https://siththanarul.blogspot.com.au/2014/08/blog-post.html – Original Tamil series

~ to be continued…!

14 thoughts on “The GoS – How to lit a Moksha Deepam”

  1. Respected sir, can we do this for any one? Any Relative? If the death happened months back, is it ok to lit moksha Deepa now?

    1. They say that it is best to lit it in a temple…learned readers can shed more light about this question.

  2. Respected Sir,
    Thank you very much for the details of Motcha Deepam.
    I bought all the 19 items mentioned in the procedure for lighten the Motcha Deepam.
    I have 2 doubts; kindly clarify to help me to lighten the Motcha Deepam for my father.
    Doubt No.1;
    You mentioned to start using the clean cotton cloth, put camphor, black sesame seeds, cumin, cotton seeds, rock salt, pepper and put a knot. But, you did not mentioned about the items where to be use example, Wheat, Grain, Full Red Gram, Mung Bean – pachai payaru, Chickpea – White kondai kadalai, Lima Beans – Mochai, Horse Gram – Kollu full one, Black Gram. Kindly let me know the above missed items also should be tied in the white cotton cloth along with camphor, black sesame seeds, cumin, cotton seeds, rock salt, pepper and put a knot. Kindly clarify.
    Doubt No.2;
    We have to keep 21 lamps in equal distance and fill in sesame seeds in to those 21 lamps. On the top of each filled sesame seeds lamp to be placed balance of 21 lamps for lightening the lamps. Is it right sir.
    Kindly clarify sir.
    Thank you,

  3. Respected Sir,
    Will it be possible to give details in English for the question of Mr. Shanmugham for a better understanding Sir. To give respect to all our Ancestors, friends ect. It would be very good for us to understand all the meaning and how to proceed in the ceremony . For the sesame seeds is it black or the white one . Usually the Priest does it, but most of our priest coming from India are not so good in English.
    Thanks Sir.
    Kind Regards ,
    Kannah Calleemalay also known as Colleemalay as it was a clerical errors.

  4. Hi sir,
    You mentioned day release everything in river. Is there any particular time like morning before sunrise and after sunset. Should we fast on that day if say when should we break fasting.

  5. Hi sir,
    You mentioned next day release everything in river. Is there any particular time like morning before sunrise and after sunset. Should we fast on that day if so, when should we break fasting.

  6. Good day Sir.
    I have lost my father last 4th Nov 2019. It going a year now and his thithi date falls on 24th Oct 2020. I was unable to visit him n did my last ritual as a daughter to him as im stuck in overseas and unable to return homeland. Now during this pandemic and lockdown I’m too unable to visit nearby temple too. Can i do Mosha Deepam for him at home here in overseas or what else I can do on 24 Oct as my mother is performing thithi prayers at homeland and I’m away now. I’m unable to get all those Pooja items. I usually feed crows at my backyards. I still hold the pain where as a daughter I didn’t do any for my father. Please advise me sir.

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