The GOS 198 – Nava Grahas – Shanishwara!

[stextbox id=”info” image=”null”]The Grace of Siddha series can be read here.[/stextbox]

The answers of Agastya Muni to the generic questions posted by devotees can be found here.

The readers are requested to send their spiritual experiences related to the Siddhas to GnanaBoomi at Gmail dot com. Though the experiences are unique and personal to them, it can shower some light or guidance to those who read them. Thanks!


[From the 213th episode of the Tamil series]

The only graha who is adorned with the title ‘Eshwara’ is Shaneeshwara. Generally, Shani means he literally shakes everyone. But those who worship him, He bestows abundance of mercy.

Surya married Sanchika and begot three children Manu, Yama, Yamuna. At a point, Sanchika could not bear the heat of Surya. She also wanted to do tapasya. She made an arrangement. She created a shadow of herself as a maiden and left with Surya, returned to his father. The maiden was called Chaaya (shadow).

As per the request of Sanchika, Chaaya lived with Surya without revealing who she really was. Through her were born Shani, a Manu named Savarni and a girl named Pathrai. Once they were born, Chaaya devi could not show the same love to Sanchika’s children. Yama got angry. He went on to kick Chaaya devi who was shocked and cursed him that his leg should be broken.

Surya got to know about this and when he investigated as to why Chaaya devi is showing partiality between the children, he came to know who Chaaya was. Later, Surya accepted Chaaya devi as his wife as well. He brought back Sanchika from her father’s house and lived with her. Yama’s leg got cured too.

Shani was born to Surya and Chaaya. He reached Kashi in the Bhu loka and installed a Shiva Linga in his name, did pooja and thereby got the status of being one of the Nava Grahas. He once spoke ill of Sanchika, the other mother. Yama got irked and broke one of Shani’s leg, leaving him limping.

There is a story as to why Shani gives bad. He wanted to do penance and was not interested in living a married man’s life. Unknowingly, Chithratha married one of his daughters to Shani, who was involved more in penance even after marriage. As he did not pay any attention towards his wife, she cursed him out of anger saying, “you could not even understand the feelings of a woman, who could not do the duty of a husband, let you not realize the result of penance!”Shani got very upset. From that day, his looks became evil, they say.

The agamas explain about Shani’s appearance, what he wears etc. He is black in color, wears black garments, lame by one leg, one with two hands with the right hand wielding Dhanda and the left showing Varadha mark. He is seated on the Padma Peetha, with atcha maala, he roams around in an iron chariot driven by eight horses.

There are two mantras that are for Shani. One is the Veda mantra. The rishi for this is Ilimili. The mantra is formed in the Ushnik sandha. The other mantra is of Gayatri Sandhasai. The rishi for this is Mithra Rishi. The navagraha aradhana says that Shani is seated in a bow like seat, he is with a beautiful vehicle, he faces North, bluish in colour, with hair in his head, he wears the Shoola, Bow, Varadha and Abaya. He walks slowly and applies black sandalwood paste. He likes the garland that are black or blue in color. He has a black umbrella and a flag, it says.

The athi devata for Shani is Yama. He has to be anointed in the right side. To Shani’s left will be Prajapathi, who is the pratyadhi devata. There is no one like Shani who gives or doesn’t. Only in Tamilnadu, Shani is considered to have the crow as his vehicle. The northern side of India denotes Shani’s vehicle as the eagle.

Shani has different names such as Mandha, Pinimukha, Mudhumukha, Mudava (lame), Kari etc. He is of tamasic nature. His favourite metal is iron. The grain is sesame, flower is Karumkuvalai, taste is bitterness. He is of the Kashyapa gothra.

Those who worship Shani will live longer. He has three wives named Jeshta, Neela and Mantha. His favourite wife is Neela. The son of Shani is called Kulika. Whatever is done at Kulika time will get multiplied, but one should never take a dead body at this hour, says the Shashtras.

There is a story which says how he got the title Eshwara. There was a time when he had to get hold of Lord Shiva himself (as he possesses certain stars for a specific time period). When Lord Shiva saw Shani approaching, he told Parvathi that He is going immerse himself in Tapasya, went inside a cave, shut its entrance completely. Seven and a half years went by. Shiva woke up from his penance and was surprised to see Shani at the cave’s entrance. He said, “Pranam. My work here is done. Farewell.”

Lord Shiva asked him what does he meant by ‘his work’ that He wasn’t under the holds of Shani who replied that it is due to him that Lord Shiva had to live inside a cave for seven and a half years without Parvathi. Then Lord Shiva blessed him with the title Shaneeshwara.

Kaaka Thwajaya Vidhmahe Kadka Hasthaaya Dheemahi
Thanoo Mandha: Prachothayaath!

…is Shaneeshwara’s Gayatri Mantra. Those who chants it everyday will be blessed by Shaneeshwara abundantly. There are a few places where Shaneeshwara did pooja himself out of which, the most famous is Thirunallaaru. It is towards the Southern side of Kaaraikkaal, in about 5 kilometers. It is also called as Adhi Puri, Dharbaaranyam, Nakavidangapuram, and Naleshwaram. When Maharaja Nala was possessed by Shani, he worshipped Lord Shiva after taking a holy bath in the Nala Theertha here and Shani left him. There are Nala Theertha, Brahma Theertha, Saraswathi Theertha and Agasthiyar Theertha which are very famous.

Those who visit Thirunallaaru should worship the Sri Vinayaka in the Nala Theertha after circumumbulating and worship the family of Nala Maharaja in the middle of the pond with due respect. Then one should step down in the pond, take a little water and do Prokshana. Then with suitable persons, do Sankalpa and then Snana. Then one should enter the temple to pray to Shaneeshwara.

The seven and a half Shani is referred to a place where Shaneeshwara is in the 12th place, Jenma, second place in one’s horoscope. A doubt of whether one’s life itself will end, changing of places, to get separated from the family, to get fired of one’s work, loss of money, loss in business happen.

Jyotish Shashtra says that Shaneeshwara gives place to those at low level. He is an eunuch. He is the air in five elements. He is of the Northern direction.

Thulam is Uchcha house.
Makara and Kumba are own houses.
Poosa, Anusha, Uthirattadhi are his own stars.
Budha and Shukra are his friends.
Sevvai, Chandra and Surya are his enemies.

He is lame and so limps when walking. He is a very powerful one. He will do anything for Lord Shiva’s mercy. He is the reason for one’s long life and death. He is the source of poverty, difficulty, disease, insult etc., When Shaneeshwara is strong, one could become famous leaders in the country or those who sacrifice anything for a welfare. Shaneeshwara makes one master a foreign langugage.

He is the source of iron and gingelly oil. He is the representative of black grains. He gives the talent to learn and operate machinaries. Shaneeshwara should bless for abundance in agriculture. He is the nerve in human body. He is of a cruel and a stone-like heart, they say.

Out of Vadha, Pitha and Kapa, he is Vadha. He is blue in gems, and is of mountains and forests. The Jyotish shashtra gives the number 8 to Shaneeshwara. To get rid of disease, debt and dangers through evil spirits, one could chant the following verses from Soundarya Lahari.

Thwayaa Hruthvaa: Vaamam Vapu Raapari Thrupthena Manasa
Sareeraartham Shambo Raparamapi Sanke Hruthamapooth!
Thathaa Hith Vathroopam Sakala MaruNaapam Thrinayanam
Kusaapyaa Manamram Kutila Sasi Soodaala Mukutam!

Om Samaknirak Nipichakrach Channa Sthapathu Surya:
Samvaatho Vaathavarapa Apachritha: Swaahaa!

When one chants the above sloka and does homa, they will get rid of the difficulties, and will get a lot of merits.

Featured image courtesy:

~ to be continued…!

The GOS 197 – Nava Grahas – Shukra

[stextbox id=”info” image=”null”]The Grace of Siddha series can be read here.[/stextbox]

The answers of Agastya Muni to the generic questions posted by devotees can be found here.

The readers are requested to send their spiritual experiences related to the Siddhas to GnanaBoomi at Gmail dot com. Though the experiences are unique and personal to them, it can shower some light or guidance to those who read them. Thanks!


[From the 212th episode of the Siththan Arul Tamil series]

Shukra was born to Bhrigu Maharishi and Puloma. There is no art and skill that he hasn’t seen the depth. He authored the ‘Shukra Neethi’ book. He is said to be very handsome and is the head of Asuras. When he was young, he possessed the body of Kubera and seized all his wealth. When Kubera complained this to Lord Shiva, the Almighty used His Trident against Shukra to warn him. Shukra stayed in the top of the Shoola (trident) and saved his life.

The demons were sad that Lord Vishnu helps the Devas all the time. Shukra took pity on them and assured them that he will obtain the blessing of Lord Shiva and help the Asuras and that they should not wage against the Devas till then. Shukra then reached Kashi, installed a Shiva Linga and did pooja, tapasya for a long time. The Almighty did not appear. Shukra though was upset, he did not lose heart. He continued to increase the intensity of his tapasya for thousand years. Lord Shiva then appeared before Shukra saying, ‘your penance is the most strongest and we are very pleased’. He then initiated him with the ‘Sanjeevani’ mantra, which was never given to anyone before. The Sanjeevani as the readers might have guessed now, will bring back the dead to life.

There was a huge conflict between Devas and Asuras once, and as usual. Both wanted to rule all the three worlds. Devas sought the help of Bruhaspathi and began to do yagna for their victory. Asuras requested Shukra to be their guru. The Devas got angry with Shukra. Eventually a huge battle was ensued. The asuras were killed in many numbers. But Shukra came to their aid, brought back every dead asura to life with the help of Sanjeevani. The devas were shocked at this. As their guru Bruhaspathi did not know the mantra, the side of devas were dwidling.

The tapasya of Bruhaspathi did not help in front of Shukra. The devas had to abandon the battlefield. In the meantime, Andhakasura (a demon) came and fought with the devas alone and was chased away by the devas. He went straight to Shukra and screamed that the devas are coming in large numbers to destroy the entire asuras and pleaded for his protection.

Shukra believed in Andhakasura’s words, got agitated and called upon the asuras to wage war and that he is there for their protection. A fierce battle began where the asuras who were killed were brought back by Shukra. There was one watchful pair of eyes seeing all this, Lord Nandi, who went to Lord Shiva with a request to protect the devas. Lord Shiva summoned Shukra and swallowed him and made him remain in His stomach.

The strength of asuras began to shrink, the devas won. But Shukra who was inside the stomach of Lord Shiva did tapasya for another 1000 years. The all merciful lord brought back Shukra from his stomach and hence Shukra was also called as Shiva Kumara.

The stomach of devas began to trouble on seeing Shukra back from the Lord’s stomach. The intellectual Bruhaspathi wanted to have a long term solution for this problem. He asked his son Kasan and asked him to make Shukra’s daughter Devayani his beloved whereby Shukra will have mercy on Kasan and will do the upadesa of Sanjeevani mantra. Kasan did just as his father said. When they were together, the asuras knew who Kasan was. The asuras killed Kasan without the knowledge of Shukra.

When Shukra came to know about this, he brought back the life of Kasan for his daughter Devayani, not once, but twice as the asuras were determined to route out the problem. So they killed him the third time, burnt him and mixed the ash in the liquor that Shukra consumes as habituated. He drank it as well. Devayani could not find Kasan and she mentioned it to Shukra who realized that he might have been killed, he chanted the mantra which brought back the life of Kasan right inside Shukra’s stomach.

Now Shukra was in a fix. If Kasan has to come out of his stomach, he has to give his life. So he offered to do the upadesa of Sanjeevani mantra to Kasan, who got it and came out of Shukra’s stomach killing him. Then Kasan chanted the same mantra to bring back Shukra to life. Thus, Kasan saved the devas from getting eradicated.

During Vamana Avatar, Lord Vishnu came as a dwarf brahmin to ask three feet land from Bali. Shukra knew the Lord’s intention and so he tried stopping Bali who did not want to get a bad reputation of going against his own words. Shukra even tried closing down the pathhole of the Kamandalu with which Mahabali tried to offer the land to Vamana. Lord Vishnu in the Vamana form pierced the hole of the kamandalu using the Dharba grass knowing well that it was indeed Shukra. Shukra lost his eyes thereby, which he got back after praying to Lord Shiva.

The Jyotish shashtra says that Shukra is the embodiment of all the pleasures, handsome, marriage, women, love, desire everything is him. Luck and the protection of Lord Kama is Shukra.

He is the lord of business. He attracts everyone through his skills. Love, intercourse, status, luxurious life, sowbhagya, all these are given by Shukra. He likes the sour taste and offers bodily vigour. He is rajasic in nature and is the lord of Velli (Friday). He is water among the five elements. His kula is that of brahmin. He owns the diamond. He is feminic in nature.

Rishaba and Thula are his own house
Kanni is neecha house.
Meena is uchcha house.
Barani, Pooram and Poorada are his own stars.

Shani and Budha are his friends.
Guru and Sevvai (Angaraka) are his equal.
The rest are enemies.
He is the bestower of the pleasure out of love making. Whenever one gets the yoga bala of Shukra, it gives them happiness, sowbhagya, dhana, wealth in abundance.

Shukra has four sons and two daughters (Devayani and Karasai). He is the lord of Asuras. He has four hands and rides in a chariot pulled by ten horses.

He has Pancha Kona Peeta, seated in Padmasana facing East. He has white sandalwood paste, white flower, white garland, white garments, white umbrella, white flag etc. The Muni who is of Shukra’s mantra is Bharadhwaja. Chandam and Dhrishtum are the athi devata of Shukra. Indrani is the prathyathi devata.

Shukra is the master of Agni-Dhik (direction of agni) and is the lord of East. He has a Garuda as his vehicle too.

Kalathra Karaka. He helps in rainfall and likes sweet taste too. There are temples in which Shukracharya as he is famously called, in Tamilnadu. They are Thiru Navalur and Sri Rangam.

Thiru Navalur is in 15 stone distance from Banrutti railway station. Everyone knows about where Sri Rangam is. There are 7 walls which are called Bhu-loka, Bhuvar-loka, Suvar-loka, Mahar-loka, Jana-loka, Thapo-loka, Sathya-loka. Another speciality is, there are 9 theerthas here. Chandra Pushkarni, Naaval Theertha, Vilva Theertha, Asura Theertha, Punnai Theertha, Magizha Theertha, Parasu Theertha, Kadamba Theertha and Maa Theertha.

Ashwa Dhwajaaya Vidhmahe Dhanur Hasthaaya Dheemahi
Thanoo Shukra Prachothayaath

is the Gayatri mantra for Shukra. The Jyotish shashtra gives the number 6 to Shukra. Those who want their marriage to happen, those who seek heirs, sowbhagya should recite the following verse from Soundarya Lahari.

Chathurpi Sri Kanttai Shiva Yuvadhipi Panchaprabi:
Prabinthaapi: Shambor Navaprabi: Moolaprakruthipee:
Thrayas Sathvaarim Sath Vasuthala Kaalaasra: Thrivalaya
Thirirekaapi: Saartham Thava Sarana KoNaa ParaNithaa!

Those who chant this sloka on Friday as many times as possible, they can get as much as goodness!

Featured image courtesy: Sidhdhas’ spiritual wisdom

~ to be continued…!

The GOS 196 – Nava Grahas – Guru (Vyazhan)

[stextbox id=”info” image=”null”]The Grace of Siddha series can be read here.[/stextbox]

The answers of Agastya Muni to the generic questions posted by devotees can be found here.

The readers are requested to send their spiritual experiences related to the Siddhas to GnanaBoomi at Gmail dot com. Though the experiences are unique and personal to them, it can shower some light or guidance to those who read them. Thanks!


[From the 211th episode of the Tamil series]

This post comes on a Thursday which is usual to this series. The date however is 12th of January, which is the birth anniversary of Guru Swami Vivekananda. Coincidence? 

Vyazhan or Guru is also called with a special name of Bruhaspathi, which means highest of intellect. Guru is considered to be the foremost among the 9 grahas. Bruhaspathi is the head and guru of the Devas and is a charm of Lord Brahma. He was born to Angirasa Muni who is a great tapasvi and Shraddha Devi. His swaroopa lakshana (appearance) is that of a beautiful one.

Guru has an ashram on top of Vindhya mountain. He is the king of Sindhu Desh. He belongs to the Angirasa Gothra (a gothra is a lineage starting from the originator who is a rishi and everyone in that lineage calls themselves by the name of that Gothra. There are a number of gothras such as Kountinya, Vishwamithra, Bharadhwaja, Angirasa etc., which traces back to the rishi who is the foremost of that gothra, an amazingly organized structure).

He is the lord of North and North-Eastern directions (Esanya direction). He wears the Pushparaga garland and holds Dhanda, Kamandalu, Garland and Varadha Hastha (the hand gesture which denotes of giving boon. There are many different types of hastha such as Abhaya hastha, Varadha hastha etc).

He circumumbulates Mount Meru in a chariot pulled by eight horses. To get his grace, one should pray to Lord Indra and Lord Brahma. He resides in the northern side of Surya in a long square shaped Mandala, facing North. In languages, he owns the Sanskrit.

He likes things that are cold in nature.

The term Guru means the one who destroys ignorance. Jyotish shashtra denotes Guru as Vyazha Bhagwan or Bruhaspathi. The shashtra gives the number 3 to Guru. He becomes pleased if one gets the initiation of a mantra from a guru and chants it daily and blesses them with abundance of happiness and wealth.

The place where the cows are sheltered and protected, Guru remains there (pratyaksha).

‘Prathideva Jwalagraham’ – is said on Guru. It means, the one graha which reflects the Tejomaya Swaroopa (enlightened appearance) in our mind, it is indeed Guru’s mandala. Guru has 5 brothers. They are Bruhath Jyotis, Bruhath Brahma, Bruhan Manas, Bruhan Mantra, and Bruhath Pasa.

Bruhaspathi married Tara and got Samyu, Nisyavan, Viswajit, Vishwapuk, Vadabaagni, Svida Kruthi as sons and Swaha as the daughter. Maharaja Pareekshith’s son (the grandson of Arjuna, the Pandava) Janamejaya wanted to perform a yagna known as Sarpa Yagna. Guru bhagwan knew that if that yagna is performed, all the snakes in the world will be destroyed. He stopped that Sarpa Yagna through his intellect.

Lord Indra did severe tapasya once where the devas were struggling without their leader thereby the asuras gaining advantage over them. The devas sought the help of Guru, Bruhaspathi who brought back Indra from his penance with the help of his intellect, saving the Devas.

The gurus Shukracharya (the guru of Asuras) and Bruhaspathi (guru of Devas) have difference of opinion in many things. Still, as per their dharma, Shukracharya accepted Bruhaspathi’s son Vishwajit aka Asan and learnt the art of ‘Sanjeevani’.

Guru has installed a Shiva Linga in Kashi Kshetra and remained near the linga and did tapasya, pooja for 10000 deva-years. Lord Shiva was pleased with the penance, appeared before him and said, “You have done a very big tapasya, focused your mind on Shiva-Linga-Dhyana whereby you will be a Nithya Jeeva (the one who remains forever). Also, because of your intellect and skillfulness, you will get to be the guru of Indra himself.”

Guru is of a golden radiance with four hands wielding Yoga Dhanda, Atcha Mala, Kamandalu and Abaya Hastha. However, the book Vishnu Dharmotharam says that Bruhaspathi has two hands which holds Atcha Malai and a book. Guru is a shantha moorthy (peaceful looking), golden in radiance, smears sandalwood paste that looks like gold, appears with golden colored flower, a golden umbrella etc.,

The Athi Devata of Guru is Lord Brahma, prathyathi devata is Lord Indra. He is denoted by the names Neethikaraka, Tarapathi, Karkapeetapahara, Soumya Murthy, Thrilokesha, Lokapujya, Grahatheesha as well. He bestows mercy easily to the poor. He is the one who explained the four different types of Vaak such as Parai, Paisanthi, Maththimai and Vigari. He is praised as ever merciful, pure, the teacher of justice, the one without impurity.

The demon Nakusha wanted to kidnap Indrani, the wife of Indra. Guru knew this and asked Nakusha to ride in a palaquin which is carried by none other than the Saptha Rishis (the 7 famous rishis who are as powerful as anyone – Kashyapa, Atri, Vashista, Vishvamitra, Gautama Maharishi, Jamadagni and Bharadvaja. The Saptarishis keep changing for every yuga – see wikipedia) to come and meet him. Nakusha thought of himself as incomparable to anyone because of this invitation. He rode on the palaquin with so much of pride only to get cursed by Guru to become a snake. Another version of the same incident says that Guru planned this event in such a way that the Saptarishis carried the palaquin rather slowly, where Nakusha lost his patience and urged the rishis to go faster by saying ‘Sarpa…sarpa’ (faster, faster). The rishis got furious and cursed him to become Sarpa, just what he said (Serpant, a closer one which routes its origin to the sanskrit word for snake, Sarpa).

The one who gets the merciful look of Guru, even if he is a fool, he will become the most intelligent. There is a sloka in Vishnu Dharmothram for Guru. If one chants this sloka everyday with devotion, they are sure to get Guru’s grace.

Bruhaspathi Suracharyo Thaivaan Subha Lakshana:
Lokathraya Guru Shreemaan Sarvagnaa: Sarvagovitha:
Sarvesha: Sarvaa thipeeshta sarvajit sarva poojitha:
Akrodhano muni shreshta neethi karthaa guru: pithaa
Vishwaathmaa Vichcha Aariththaa Cha viswayoni rayonija:
Poorva Vassuva prabhuch chaiva paarthaa sivamagaa bala:

It is said that this wonderful sloka was recited by Lord Krishna in Nanda Gopa’s house.

There are three important places in the Earth where Guru Bhagwan came and did puja.

1. Thenkudithittai – it is in the 9th kilometer on the route which goes to Mayavaram via Thanjavur. (one may search aalayam kanden or Raju’s temple visit blogs for the names)

2. Thiruvalithaayam (Paadi) – It is near Chennai, around 12 kilometers distance

3. Thiruchendur – This is one of the six battle-houses of Lord Muruga where Guru Bhagwan did pooja whole heartedly. This is in Thirunelveli district.

The Guru-Gayatri is:

Vrushaba Dhwajaaya Vidhmahe Kruni Hasthaaya Dheemahi
Thanno Guru Prachothayaath

…those who chant this mantra everyday will have no shortage of good abundance, the existing shortage will disappear as well. He is the embodiment of the spiritual knowledge, Vedanta, the purity of Mukkarana (there are three karanas in a human namely Mano, Vaak, Kaayam aka Mind, Speech and Body). He is the source of Geniuses, Gnani’s and Bhakthaas.

He is the source of Brahmins and Cows. He bestows physical and mental strength. He gives the status which does not bow down to anyone. He is the one who does big tasks just like that. He makes one rule a kingdom, makes one give out modern ideas. He is the owner of subtle and gentle Gunas (attributes). He offers discrimination, His face is always with a gentle smile. He likes sweets. Yellowish in color, he owns the flesh part in human body. Out of the three bodily types (Vatha, Pithaa and Kapa), he owns Kapa.

His gemstone is Pushparaka (Pukhraj or Yellow Sapphire). He helps the wealth being meaningful. He is a male graha. He is the sky in five elements. His direction is North-East. He is the owner of Dhanusu and Meena rashis. Kataka is uchcha house and Makara is Neecha house.

He is the athipathi of the stars Punarvasu, Visaka and Poorattaadhi. When His dasha happens, all good will follow. He is very powerful during the day. When His glance falls, everything will become beneficial.

Devanaancha Rishinaancha Gurum Kanchana Sannipam
Bhakthibootham Thrilokesham Tham Namaami Bruhaspathim!

…is his Thuthi.

If one wants every type of wealth, one can chant the following verse from Soundarya Lahari everyday:

Avidhyaana Mandhasthimira Mihira Dhweepanagari
Jataanaam Chaithanya Sthapaka Makarantha Shruthi Jari
Dharidhraanaam Chinthaamani Guna Nigaa Janma Jalathou
Nimakthaa naam dhamshtraa muraripu varaahasya bavathee!

The featured image is the first verse of Adi Shankaracharya’s Dakshinamurthy Stotram. It can be read here

~ to be continued…!

The GOS 195 – Nava Grahas – Budha!

[stextbox id=”info” image=”null”]The Grace of Siddha series can be read here.[/stextbox]

The answers of Agastya Muni to the generic questions posted by devotees can be found here.

The readers are requested to send their spiritual experiences related to the Siddhas to GnanaBoomi at Gmail dot com. Though the experiences are unique and personal to them, it can shower some light or guidance to those who read them. Thanks!


[From the 210th episode of the Tamil series]

The Jyotish shashtra says that those who are born intelligent are due to the grace of Lord Budha. To shine in studies, to win debates, to have a never-reducing energy supply, to excel in all the arts, Lord Budha helps. His grace is required even to live healthy. Hence they say that ‘Even if one gets gold, one can’t get Budhvar’.

He resides in the North-Eastern side of Surya. Lord Vishnu resides on the right side of Budha and any prayers done to Budha reaches Lord Vishnu as well. He is the fourth in the week days. Those who want to excel by chanting a mantra, those who want to attain fame by writing poems, should pray to Lord Budha.

Guru Bhagwan’s wife Tara visited Chandra’s house and was carried away by his beauty. She had forgotten her husband Guru for a while. Guru was occupied in his penance to Lord Shiva and hence he did not mind much about Tara. Chandra took this as an advantage and started living with Tara for sometime. Guru woke up from his penance and started looking for Tara. She left Chandra and reached Guru then, and she was pregnant too.

Eventually she gave birth to a child and named him Budha. As the child was born in a time frame that did not match the marital life and pregnancy due, Guru began to doubt on who the father of this child was. The Puranas say that Lord Brahma clarified Guru’s doubt that the child was indeed the son of Chandra.

Lord Brahma called Budha and asked him to ‘sit near Surya’ and he did so. He circumumbulated Mount Meru just as Surya and did severe penance to Lord Shiva thereby attaining the status of being one of the 9 grahas. One of the Shiva Linga that Budha installed is still in Kashi. Due to his severe penance again, he was made the commander of 5th Kanda of Rig Veda as per Iyengar Bhagavatha.

As he bestows intelligence to humans, he is Budhdhi Dhata and as he enhances intelligence, he is called Budhdhi Vivardhana. Dhanapradha, Dayakara, Tara Putra Danya Pashupradha are some of his names. As he is beautiful, he is also called Kancha Nethra, Manohara, Sowmya Murthy as well.

If one prays to Budha on the troubles faced through other Grahas, Budha will come to your rescue. Only he has that capacity to do so where he is reverred with the special name of
‘Graha Peedaa Hara’

The second Mantra of the 137th Shuktha in the 20th Kanda of Atharvana Veda is about Lord Indra. The devata for this mantra is Budha.

He is an expert in debates. He is well versed in Business. Thiruvenkadu is an important place where Budha worshipped. The other one is Thiruvalavaai aka Madurai. To reach Thiruvenkadu, one can go from Vaideeswaran Kovil railway station or from Seerkazhi railway station. One of the trimurthi here is Agoramurthi.

One can see Lord Shiva in His form, in standing posture only here. There is a special artha jama pooja being conducted till date to the Agora Murthi in the midnight of Sunday. The three eyes of Lord Shiva is represented as Surya, Chandra and Agni. This temple has three thirtha (holy pond) called Soma Thirtha, Surya Thirtha and Agni Thirtha.

Budha worshipped Lord Shiva here, just so the people worship this Lord for excellency in the arts.

Similarly, the Sokkanadha temple of Madurai, the Meenakshi Amman Temple is a Budha Sthala. They say that Lord Shiva took a dip in the pond of golden lotus here and then transformed Himself to a Linga. As Budha got the darshan of Lord Shiva here, this temple has another speciality.

Budha is seated in the north-eastern side of Surya in the Mandala which appears like a Baana as a golden statue facing north. He gets the radiance from Surya and is the reason for the plants and herbs in the earth to be green. He likes eatables that are green. He is pleased when offered the Green Gram.

The Jyotish shashtra praises Lord Budha. He has the radiance as that of the bud of Gnazhal flower. He is matchless in appearance and beauty. He is the source of Debate, Math, Medicinal science etc., He is the Lord of arts such as Drama, Dance, Books etc., He is the lord of all 64 arts. He is the source of all that happens in relation to the nerves.

He is as white as the milk, likes various edible items, Rajasic in nature, he is Emerald in gems. He is the lord of the art of gardening.

He is earth in the Pancha Boota’s (five elements). He is of the northern direction. He gives good results when joined with good graha effects and bad results when joined with bad graha effects. He is said to be eunuch in grahas. Jyotish shashtra is very special to him. He is the bestower of ‘vaak’ for the astrologers’ saying to come true. He goes around in a horse.

He is the lord of Mithuna and Kanni rashi. Meenam is his neecha house and Kanni is his uchcha house. Surya and Shukra are his friends. Guru and Shani are equal to him. Chandra is his enemy as per Jyotish shashtra. He is bronze in metal and in the fourth order. He is the lord of Ayilya, Kettai and Revathi stars. His number as per the Jyotish shashtra is 5.

He blesses the children to talk without babbling, when they are in the age of speaking, when worn a green stone based ornaments in their ears.

The Gayatri mantra for Budha is:

Gaja Twajaya Vidhmahe Suka Hasthaya Dheemahi
Thanno Budha Prachothayaath!

Those who chant the Gayatri mantra of Budha will be bestowed with intelligence, power, wisdom and they will be respected in assemblies. Those who want to excel in every arts, they can chant the following verse from Soundarya Lahari:

Savithribeer vaachaam sasimani silabanga ruchipi
Vachin yaath yaapees thvaam saha janani sanchintha thayadhiya!
Sakarthaa kaavyaanaam bavathi mahathaam pangi supagai:
Vasopir vaakdevi vadhana kamalaamoodha madhurai.

For Budha’s navagraha Shanthi, if one prays to Lord Rama or Lord Vishnu or when one wears green silk, emerald etc., or when one offers gold or green gram, the dosha gets rectified.

The color of Budha – Green
The gemstone of Budha – Emerald
The Devata for Budha – Lord Vishnu
The bodily part of Budha – Nerves
What is he the lord of – Vaak (speech and related)

Featured image courtesy:

~ to be continued…!